The 2017 Nobel Prize in medicine and physiology has been awarded
Life on Earth is adapted to the rotation of our planet. Living organisms, including humans, have an internal biological clock thatóry helps adjust to regular daily rhythm. This is what Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young were able to look inside it and explain its operation.
The honored scientists conducted research on the fruit flyówce, as a model organism. They managed to isolate a gene thatóry controls the normal circadian rhythm in an organismóin living. They proved that this gene encodes a protein that accumulates in the cellórk at night and then degrades during the day. Scientists have also identified additional protein components and determined the rules by which biological clocks work in the bodyóin multicomórkowe.
Our internal clock adjusts our physiology to different phases of the day. The clock regulates important functions such as behavior, hormone levelsów, sleep, body temperature and metabolism. The chronic misalignment between our lifestyles and the rhythms dictated by our internal clock is associated with an increased risk of róting diseasesób.
The biological clock is involved in many aspects of theóIn our complex physiology. A large part of our genów is regulated by it, so a carefully calibrated circadian rhythm adjusts our physiology to ródifferent phases of the day. Thanks to the work of Hall, Rosbash and Young, we know that all organisms have multipleórkowe, including humans, use a similar mechanism to control circadian rhythms.
LaureateóThe Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology is chosen by the Karolinska Institute. Tomorrow before noon, the prize in physics will be awarded, and on October fourth in chemistry. The winner of the Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on October 6, and the winner in economics will be announced on the 9th. No date has yet been set for the announcement of the winner in the field of literature.
Nobel Foundation announced a few days ago that this year’s Nobel laureates will receive one million crowns (104,000. Euro) more from scientistsóIn honored in previous years. The total will be nine millionóin crowns (940. thousand. euro).